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The Kalahari San remained in poverty where their richer neighbours denied them rights to the land.

The San kinship system reflects their interdependence as traditionally small mobile foraging bands.

San kinship is comparable to Eskimo kinship, with the same set of terms as in European cultures, but also uses a name rule and an age rule.

The San are one of 14 known extant "ancestral population clusters".

That is, "groups of populations with common genetic ancestry, who share ethnicity and similarities in both their culture and the properties of their languages".

As of 2010, the San population in Botswana numbers about 50,000 to 60,000.

From the 1950s through the 1990s, the San switched to farming because of government-mandated modernisation programs.

Children have no social duties besides playing, and leisure is very important to San of all ages.

Large amounts of time are spent in conversation, joking, music, and sacred dances.

Traditionally, the San were an egalitarian society.

Villages range in sturdiness from nightly rain shelters in the warm spring (when people move constantly in search of budding greens), to formalised rings, wherein people congregate in the dry season around permanent waterholes.

The age rule resolves any confusion arising from kinship terms, as the older of two people always decides what to call the younger.